Malaria is a common disease in tropical and subtropical countries, in many cases it can become deadly if not treated. There is no vaccination against malaria, however there are ways to protect yourself from catching the disease. Malaria is spread through the bite of an infected female mosquito and is one of the leading causes of disease and death in the world. There are an estimated 200million cases every year, which results in over 660,000 deaths, of which 91 percent of those deaths occurring in Africa.
Anti malaria tablets are designed to help prevent and treat malaria. Symptoms of malaria normally begin around 7 to 30 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The common symptoms of malaria are similar to the flu, these symptoms include fever, shivering, headaches, diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting. If you have recently been to a malaria risk area and begin to feel these symptoms, then you should visit your GP as soon as possible. In rare cases symptoms of malaria have been known to exists up to 1 year after visiting the risk area. In more severe cases of malaria, individuals can suffer low blood pressure, kidney failure and liver problems. Urgent medical attention is required for these symptoms.
Anti malaria tablets are the most common way to help treat and prevent malaria, there are various types of anti malaria tablets available, the most common are Malarone tablets, or the new generic version Atovaquone / Proguanil, there are other tablets available, such as Avloclor, Lariam and Paludrine, all designed to protect you from catching malaria. The type of antimalaria tablets you will need depends on a number of factors, such as the part of the world you are visiting, the length of your stay, your medical history and any drugs you may currently be taking.
It is important to remember that anti malaria tablets are not 100% effective, therefore you will have to take other measures against the disease, for example:
For more information regarding precautions you will need when going abroad, visit our Malaria Risk Map, with advice on the appropriate anti malaria medication you need and further precautions for the country you are visiting. For more information and advice regarding Malaria, visit our Malaria Information page.